What is a disability?

According to the law of February 11, 2005, a disability is defined as "any limitation of activity or restriction of participation in society suffered by a person in his or her environment due to a substantial, lasting or permanent impairment of one or more physical, sensory, mental, cognitive or psychological functions, a multiple disability or a disabling health disorder. "

Disability is the result of an interaction combining infirmity, activity limitation and participation restrictions within a specific social or physical environment such as work, home or school. 
The models proposed by this perspective are based on social and human rights ideas and concepts. The Quebec model of the disability-specific production method argues that "disability depends on the environment in which the person lives and carries out activities. If the environment is adapted to the person, the disability can change or even disappear". If we transfer this notion to the work environment, the focus will be on the responsibility of companies to welcome and integrate people with disabilities into their teams. In doing so, companies can play an important role in society by reducing or eliminating disability. 

The temptation to establish a typology of the various disabilities is necessarily reductive, but it allows us to shed light on the diversity of the manifestations of disability: motor, auditory, visual, mental, psychological.

Some figures

In 2015, in France, 12 million people are affected by disability and among them, 80% have an invisible disability.
4% of people with motor disabilities use a wheelchair
About 4% of visually impaired people are blind
Less than 2% of the hearing impaired use sign language

According to the latest figures from Agefiph, there is a record number of disabled job seekers, i.e. 452,000 workers, which represents a substantial increase of 9% compared to 2013.
1.8 million people are recognized as disabled workers
90% of disabled workers do not require any workstation modification